Drip Irrigation for home garden
Drip Irrigation is a type of micro irrigation system. It is generally used to conserve water and fertiliser usage in agriculture. This is done by release of water locally near the root area of the plant drop by drop.
Drip irrigation system delivers water to the crop using a network of mainlines, sub-mains and lateral lines with emission points spaced along their lengths. Each dripper/emitter, orifice supplies a measured, precisely controlled uniform application of water, nutrients, and other required growth substances directly into the root zone of the plant.
Water and nutrients enter the soil from the emitters, moving into the root zone of the plants through the combined forces of gravity and capillary. In this way, the plant’s withdrawal of moisture and nutrients are replenished almost immediately, ensuring that the plant never suffers from water stress, thus enhancing quality, its ability to achieve optimum growth and high yield.
Advantages of a Drip Irrigation System:
- Water Conservation up to 70%
- Optimum use of fertiliser
- Can be automated
- Inexpensive Technology
- Minimal manual involvement
- Sustainable technology
Drip Irrigation can be implemented in two types for home garden
- Perforated / Soaker Pipe Drip Method: Perforated or Porous soaker pipes can be laid down in the garden nearing the plants. When connected to water source the pipe leaks drop by drop to the nearby area. This provides localised irrigation to the plants.
- Emitter valve/tubes/connectors: This type of irrigation has emitter valves at the end of each branch of the water tubes. Emitter valves or drippers dispense water drops at specific time interval. The supply of water can be controlled used variable valves.