Status of Ban on Single-Use Plastic in India
The Plastic Waste Management Rules (PWMR), 2016, provides the statutory framework for plastic waste management in an environmentally sound manner throughout the country. Thirty Four States/UTs have issued notifications/orders introducing regulations pertaining to complete or partial ban on plastic carry bags and/or identified single-use plastic items, over and above the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016, as amended.
The following steps have been taken to strengthen implementation of Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 and also to reduce the use of identified single use plastic items:
The States/UTs have been requested to constitute a Special Task Force under Chairpersonship of Chief Secretary/Administrator for elimination of single use plastics and effective implementation of PWMR, 2016. Thirty two States/UTs have constituted the Special Task Force till date. A National Level Taskforce has also been constituted by the Ministry in this regard.
The State /UT Governments and concerned Central Ministries/Departments have also been requested to developa comprehensive action plan and implement it in a time bound manner. Fourteen States/UTs and twelve central ministries have developed their comprehensive action plans.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified the Guidelines on the Extended Producer Responsibility for plastic packaging vide Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2022, on 16th February, 2022. Directions have been issued to E-commerce companies, leading single use plastic sellers/users, and plastic raw material manufacturers with respect to phasing out of identified single use plastic items.
Additional Central Assistance is also provided to States and Union territories for solid waste management including plastic waste management, under Swachh Bharat Mission Urban (SBM (U)) and Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen.
Single use plastic ban has been incorporated as an important component in Swachh Survekshan 2022, Star rating of Garbage Free Cities and as an entry condition for participating in Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to reduce plastic waste.
As per the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016, there is complete ban on sachets using plastic material used for storing, packing or selling gutkha, tobacco and pan masala. Based on high littering potential and low utility, the Ministry has also notified the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021, on 12th August 2021, prohibiting manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of the following identified single use plastic items, which have low utility and high littering potentialwith effect from the 1st July, 2022:
- ear buds with plastic sticks, plastic sticks for balloons, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice-cream sticks, polystyrene [Thermocol] for decoration;
- plates, cups, glasses, cutlery such as forks, spoons, knives, straw, trays, wrapping or packing films around sweet boxes, invitation cards, and cigarette packets, plastic or PVC banners less than 100 micron, stirrers.
India Bans Certain Single Use Plastic Items from July 2022Read Ahead
State-wise Implementation Status of Ban on Single-Use Plastic
(Based on the data available in submitted Annual reports by SPCBs/PCCs)
|S.No||Name of State/UT||Complete or Partial Ban||Date of Gazette or Executive Order||Remarks|
|1||Andaman & Nicobar Islands||Complete ban||02.08.2010(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, store, import, distribution, transportation, recycle, sell & use of plastic carry bags.|
|2||Andhra Pradesh||Not Banned||Not Available||Not Banned|
|3||Arunachal Pradesh||Complete ban||03.07.2012(Executive Order)||Complete ban on manufacture, store, import, transportation, sell& use of polythene/plastic carry bags|
|4||Assam||Complete Ban||30.04.2019(Gazette)||Plastic carry bags, banners, buntings, cups, cling films, flex, flags, plates, sheets (used for spreading on dining tables irrespective of thickness) including the above items made of thermocol and plastic which use plastic micro beads.|
|5||Bihar||Complete ban||11.12.2018(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, store, import, transportation, sell& use of plastic carry bags|
|6||Chandigarh||Complete ban||30.07.2008(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, storage, import, sale, use transportation & disposal of plastic carry bags|
|7||Chhattisgarh||Complete ban||24.12.2014(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, store, import, transportation, recycle, sell & use of polythene/plastic carry bags.|
|8||Daman Diu & Dadra Nagar Haveli||Complete ban||24-01-2014 & 22.09.2017(Gazette)||Forbidding the use, sale/ storage of all kinds of plastic bags|
|9||Delhi||Complete ban||23.10.2012(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, import,store, sell & use of plastic products (poly Propylene, non-woven fabric type carry bags), plastic film or plastic tube to pack or cover any book including magazine & invitation/greeting cards.|
|10||Goa||Partial ban||16.03.2015||Government imposed ban on Manufacture, stock, import, transportation, recycle, sale & use of plastic (carry bags, cups, forks, paper plates, spoons) in ChorlaGhat area Mandi Wildlifesanctuaries .|
|11||Gujarat||Partial ban||28.06.2011(Gazette)||Complete ban on plastic products in Gandhi Nagar|
|12||Haryana||Complete ban||20.08.2013(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, stock, import, transportation, recycle, sell & use of plastic (carry bags, cups, forks, paper plates, straws, spoons& containers for the usage of foodstuffs)|
|13||Himachal Pradesh||Complete Ban||07-07-2009& 13-08-2009(Gazette)||Complete ban on use of Carry bags (irrespective of size), polythene, non-biodegradable material, disposable plastic cups, plates, and glasses|
|14||Jammu & Kashmir||Complete Ban||03.01.2017 (SRO 45 order-Notification)Jammu District Magistrate has on 01.10.2020 ordered strict enforcement of SRO 45 notification.||Complete ban on manufacture, stocking, distribution, sale and use of polyethylene carry bags, plastic sheets or like, cover made of plastic sheet, plastic packaging and multilayered packaging less than fifty microns in thickness within territorial limits of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.|
|15||Jharkhand||Complete Ban||17.10.2017(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, import, storage, transport, sell and usage ofplastic carry bags in the whole State|
|16||Karnataka||Complete ban||11.03.2016(Gazette)||State government banned the plastic banners, buntings, carry bags (plastic & compostable), cups, cling films, flex, flags, plates, spoons & sheets made of plastic or Thermocol and microbeadsusage in the entire state|
|17||Kerala||01.01.2020(Executive Order)||22.11.2010(Executive Order)||Complete ban on the manufacture, storage, transport and sale of plastic carry bags( irrespective of thickness); plastic sheets( used as table spread); plates, cups and decorative materials made of thermocol/stryrofoam; SUP items like cups, plates, dishes, spoons, forks, straw, stirrer; plastic coated paper cups, plastic coated paper plates, plastic coated paper bowls, plastic coated paper bags; Non woven bags, plastic flags, plastic bunting; plstic water pouches, non branded plastic juice packets ; plastic juice packets; PET/PETE bottles of drinking water of capacities less than 500 ml; garbage bags (plastic); PVC flex materials and plastic packets.|
|18||Ladakh||Partial Ban||(Order no-40-LA (GAD) of 2020 dated 23.06.2020)||Ban on the use of plastic water bottles and other plastic made objects in Government offices and other institutions|
|19||Lakshadweep||Complete ban||25.01.2019(Gazette)||Complete ban on use, store & sale of plastic carry bags of all thickness, plastic coated carry bags, plastic flags, plastic sheets/films used for wrapping, plastic sheets used as dining table covers, thermocol cups and plates, plastic coated paper cups and plates, plastic teacups, plastic tumblers, plastic teacups, water pouches/packets/PET plastic water bottles, straws,|
|20||Madhya Pradesh||Complete ban||24-05-2017(Gazette)||Production, Storage, Transportation, sale & use of plastic carrybags.|
|21||Maharashtra||Complete Ban||23-03-2018(Gazette)Amendment 11th April, 2018||Complete ban in the whole State for manufacture, usage, sale storage,transport, and distribution, wholesale & retail, import of the plastic& compostable bags and the disposable products manufactured from plastic &thermocol (polystyrene) – disposable dish/spoon, cups, bowl, container, fork, plates, glasses, straw, non-woven polypropylene bags, cups/pouches.|
|22||Manipur||Complete Ban||12.9.2017Notification no. 56/38/99 for&Envt||Complete ban on use, store & sale of plastic carry bags|
|23||Meghalaya||Partial Ban||16.2.2017Notification No. MPCB/TB-144B/2016-2017/79||Use and sale of plastic bags less than 50 microns has been prohibited and public notice has been issued|
|24||Mizoram||Partial Ban||With effect from 1.8.2019By Aizwal Municipal Corporation||Complete ban on plastic carry bags below 50 microns|
|25||Nagaland||Complete ban||01.01.2004(Gazette)||Complete ban on use, store & sale of plastic carry bags|
|26||Odisha||Partial ban||29.09.2018(Executive Order)||Ban on use and sale of plastic carry bags, bottled drinking water Polyethylene Terephthalate bottles of less than 200 ml capacity; SUP disposable cutleries like thermocol (polystyrene), dish/spoon, cups, bowl, container, fork, glasses & plates in Bhubaneshwar, Berhampur, Cuttack, Puri, Rourkela &Sambalpur|
|27||Puducherry||Complete ban||30.07.2019||(i) Polythene/Plastic/Polypropylene carry bags; (ii) Polythene/Plastic/Styrofoam (Thermocol) cups; (iii) Polythene/Plastic/Styrofoam (Thermocol) plates; (iv) Plastic sheet pouches used for cooked food wrapping; (v) Plastic sheets used for spreading on dining table; (vi) Water pouches; (vii) Plastic straw; (viii) Plastic flag.|
|28||Punjab||Complete ban||18.02.2016(Gazette)||Complete ban on Manufacture, stock, distribute, recycle, sale & use of plastic carry bags.|
|29||Rajasthan||Complete ban||01.08.2010(Gazette)||Complete ban on use, store & sale of plastic carry bags|
|30||Sikkim||Complete ban||19.05.2016(Gazette)||Complete ban on sale & use, storage of disposable items (cups, plates, spoons, containers, etc..) made from Styrofoam.|
|31||Tamil Nadu||Complete Ban||01.01.2019(Gazette)||Complete ban on manufacture, sell, use, storage, Transportation and distribution of “Single-use plastics” i.e. plastic carrybags, flags, sheets using for food wrapping, straws, tea cups, tumblers, water packets & pouches|
|32||Telangana||Not Banned||Not Available||Not Banned|
|33||Tripura||Complete ban||10.03.2015(Gazette)||Complete ban on Sell, use, storage, Transportation & import of plastic carrybags (including polypropylene, non-woven fabric type) plastic tube to pack or cover any book including magazine & invitation/greeting cards.|
|34||Uttar Pradesh||Complete ban||22.12.2015(Gazette)||Sell, use, Storage, Transportation & import of plastic carrybags (including polypropylene, non-woven fabric type) plastic tube to pack or cover any book including magazine & invitation/greeting cards.|
|35||Uttarakhand||Complete Ban||01.01.2017(Gazette)||Sell, use, storage& Transportation, of plastic carry bags.|
|36||West Bengal||Partial ban||11.01.2018(Executive Order)||Completely banned in religious and historical places.|